Eating disorders awareness

Eating disorders awareness

 

 

 

 

Author to whom correspondence should be addressed;

Studied Health Editor: Eric Roberts

Published: 2/28/2018

 

Eating disorders have the highest mortality rate of any mental illness. Eating disorders affect 30 million Americans at some point of their lives.

NEDA Confidential screening tool

NDEA Helpline

 

 

What are eating disorders

Eating disorders are a treatable mental illness. National surveys estimate that 20 million women and 10 million men will have been affected sometime during their lifetimes.

Types of eating disorders

  • Anorexia Nervosa
  • Bulimia Nervosa
  • Binge eating disorder
  • Orthorexia
  • OSFED
  • ARFID
  • PICA
  • Rumination Disorder
  • UFED
  • Laxative abuse
  • Compulsive exercise

Risk factors involve a range of biological, psychological, sociocultural issues. Listed below are some examples of risk factors.

Biological

  • Having a close relative with an eating disorder
  • Having a close relative with a mental health issue
  • History of dieting
  • Negative energy balance
  • Type 1 diabetes

Psychological

  • Perfectionism
  • Body image dissatisfaction
  • Personal history of an anxiety disorder
  • Behavioral inflexibility

Social

  • Weight stigma
  • Teasing – bullying
  • Limited social networks
  • Historical Trauma

Warning signs

  • Pre-occupation with weight, food, calories
  • Appears uncomfortable eating around others
  • Skipping meals
  • Extreme concern with body size-shape
  • Dry skin-brittle nails
  • Fine hair
  • Muscle weakness
  • Dramatic weight loss
  • Hoards food in strange places
  • Evidence of binge eating
  • Evidence of purging behaviors
  • Fears of choking or vomiting
  • Pervasive eating of substances that are not food
    • Soap
    • Chalk
    • Wool
    • Soil
    • Cloth
  • Repeated regurgitation of food for a period of at least a month
  • Spending hours per day thinking about what food might be served at an upcoming event
  • Compulsive exercise
    • Despite injury
    • Despite fatigue
  • Fear that insulin will “make me fat”

Stats           Treatment           Prevention

 

                   Screening

 

In summary for those who are suffering from some sort of eating disorder there is a network that serves as a catalyst for prevention, cures and quality care and recovery. For those that want to help there is help & support, resources for learning and getting involved – there are also ways to give. For more information and resources Visit the National Eating Disorders Association.


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